Large Pachycephalosaur Dinosaur Toe Bone

Pachycephalosaurus sp Dinosaur Bone

Class Reptilia, Superorder Dinosauria, Order Ornithischia, Family Pachycephalosauridae

Geological Time: Late Cretaceous

Size: Pachycephalosar fossil bone is 1.5 inches in length

Fossil Site: Hell Creek Formation, Harding County, South Dakota

Fossil Code: PFV512

Price: $150.00

Pachycephalosaur Dinosaur Toe Bone Description: This is a very large toe bone from a “big bone headed” dinosaur of the Late Cretaceous.

The Pachycephalosauria, meaning thick headed lizards, is a family of dinoaurs from Order Ornithischia that includes such well known genera as Pachycephalosaurus, Stegoceras, Stygimoloch, and Dracorex. Most lived during the Late Cretaceous Period in what is now North America and Asia. They probably traveled in herds, were bipedal, and herbivorous/omnivorous animals characterized by thick skulls. Some had a domed skull roof that was several inches thick and bearing nodes.

The function of the thickened skull roof has been heavily debated. It has been frequently postulated that individuals may have rammed each other head-on, as do modern-day mountain goats and musk oxen. It is also suggested that pachycephalosaurs could make their head, neck, and body horizontally straight, in order to transmit stress during ramming. The fossil record suggests that the earliest Pachycephalosaurpachycephalosaurs arose in Asia about 85 million years ago, and were relatively small. Early genera ostensibly crossed the land bridge that during the Cretaceous times connected Asia and North America. North American genera evolved to be larger than those in Asia.

Recently the Fossil Mall associates purchased a large lot of dinosaur, reptile and mammal material from our primary collector. He lives in Montana and has over fifteen years of field collecting experience. Ten days were spent in obtaining this lot. The fossils were discovered in Cretaceous stream channel deposits. Some were surface collected as float; many were partially eroded out of the low-lying surrounding gullies and bad lands. The process continued upon his return home. There the specimens had to be cleaned and identified, a long and tedious process that lasted many days. Upon completion, all the specimens were photographed and submitted to us at the Fossil Mall for consideration of purchase. Needless to say, we bought the whole batch.

A word regarding the legality of these fossils. Our provider only collects on private ranch and farmlands of Montana and South Dakota. His relationships with these landowners have been cultivated over many years of door knocking and often difficult negotiations.

Fossil Purchase Information

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