Mississippian Bear Gulch Shrimp Fossil

Aenigmacaris cornigerum

Subphylum Crustacea, Class Malacostraca, Order Cardoida, Family Aenigmacaridae

Geological Time: Mississippian (~ 320 million years ago)

Size: Shrimp fossil is 105 mm long (curve measure) Matrix: 110 mm by 175 mm

Fossil Site: Heath Shale Formation, Bear Gulch Limestone, Fergus County, Montana

Fossil Code: BGF752

Price: $95.00

The Bear Gulch Limestone is a deposit of some 70 square km in extent and 30 m in depth that has been a source of one of the most diverse assemblages of fossil fish with some 110 species having been described over the past 30 years. Most were new to science, and provided a unique view of the marine environment of Mississippian times. Fine preservation of both fish and invertebrates is a hallmark of these deposits, presumably due to an anoxic depositional environment. This specimen is an example of the shrimp known as Aenigmacaris. The genus derives its name from the fact that the describers were unsure what subclass or superorder of Malacostacans it should be assigned to (enigmatic), while the species name refers to a hornlike process on the carapace. Its nearest relative appears to be Joanellia from the older British Visean deposits. Note the distinctive gut trace preserved in 3-D.

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