Unusual Kottixerxes Mazon Creek Euthycarcinoid Fossil

Kottixerxes gloriosus

Phylum Arthropoda, Euthycarcinoida (unranked), Euthycarcinoidea)

Geological Time: Pennsylvanian (~300 m.y.a.)

Size (25.4 mm = 1 inch): Fossil is 34 mm long by 10 mm across; Matrix: 40 mm by 17 mm nodule half

Fossil Site: Mazon Creek, Coal City, Illinois

Code: HMC12

Price: $225.00 - sold

Kottixerxes gloriosusDescription: The Mazon Creek deposits of the region near Braidwood, Illinois rival the other famous Lagerstatten of the Burgess Shale, Solnhofen, and Liaoning for the variety of detailed life preserved. Many exquisitely-preserved specimens are found in the ironstone nodules that make up the deposits. The majority of collecting areas are the spoil heaps of Euthycarcinoidabandoned coal mines, the most famous of which is Peabody Coal Pit 11. Pit 11 now serves as a cooling pond for the Braidwood nuclear power plant, but with over 100 other localities, specimens still come to light.

This specimen is of a group rarely seen from the Mazon Creek fauna known as Kottixerxes, a euthycarcinoid arthropod. The euthycarcinoids are a problematic group currently believed to be maine relatives of the myriapods and insects. The class appears to have arisen in the Silurian, and gone extinct in the Triassic.

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