IMMENSE Permian Squamella Fruiting Body and Glossopteris Leaves

Squamella australis

Glossopteris ampla

Geological Time: Late Permian

Size: Squamella: 20 mm by 10 mm Glossopteris: 30 mm by 10 mm-130 mm by 22 mm Matrix: 195 mm x 70 mm

Fossil Site: Mudgee, New South Wales, Australia

Code: AAF576

Price: $235


Squamella australis Plant FossilsDescription: Glossopteris leaves are a widespread fossil, but are difficult to assign by species because of the wide variety of venation patterns and morphology. They are found throughout what was once Gondwnana, another support for continental drift. The genus derives its name from the Greek words for tongue and fern. They favored a swampy habitat, and some had leaves up to a meter in length. The leaves have only rarely ever been found attached to braches, but the Glossopteris ampla Plant Fossilsrestoration here is of one that had a tree-like habit. The specimens here are G. ampla, albeit small examples of the type. This species is the record holder for Glossopteris with leaves as much as a METER in length. Few Glossopteris leaves have been found in strata younger than the Permian, a time that closed with the greatest of all mass extinctions on the planet. The scalelike structure that can be seen on the upper left side of the plaque in the first photo is known as Squamella australis, and represents one of the largest such fruiting bodies I have come across. Glossopteris scales (squamae) are often found in profusion with leaves, and were originally thought to have been bud scales. They are now known to be the fruiting bodies of male Glossopteris.

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Squamella australis Plant Fossils   Glossopteris ampla Plant Fossils

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